Despite her Quaker upbringing, there is no evidence, they were marr. Fanny Kemble Frances Anne "Fanny" Kemble was a notable British actress from a theatre family in the early and midth century. She was a well-known and popular writer, whose published works included plays, eleven volumes of memoirs, travel writing and works about the theatre. In , she married an American, Pierce Mease Butler, grandson of Pierce Butler , whom she had met on an American acting tour with her father in After living in Philadelphia for a time, Butler became heir to the cotton and rice plantations of his grandfather on Butler Island , just south of Darien , to the hundreds of slaves who worked them, he made trips to the plantations during the early years of their marriage, but never took Kemble or their children with him.
At Kemble's insistence, they spent the winter of —39 there and Kemble kept a diary of her observations, flavored by the abolitionist sentiment.
Butler disapproved of Kemble's outspokenness, forbidding her to publish; the relationship grew abusive, Kemble went back to England with her two daughters. Butler filed for a divorce in , after they had been separated for some time, citing abandonment and misdeed by Kemble. She returned to the theatre and toured major US cities, giving successful readings of Shakespeare plays, her memoir circulated in American abolitionist circles, but she waited until , during the American Civil War , to publish her anti-slavery Journal of a Residence on a Georgian Plantation in It has become her best-known work in the United States : she published several other volumes of journals.
In , she returned to England with her second son-in-law, she was active in society, befriending the writer Henry James. In , Harvard University Press published an edited compilation from her journals. A member of the famous Kemble theatrical family, Fanny was the eldest daughter of the actor Charles Kemble and his Viennese-born wife, the former Marie Therese De Camp , she was a niece of the noted tragedienne Sarah Siddons and of the famous actor John Philip Kemble. Her younger sister was the opera singer Adelaide Kemble. Fanny was educated chiefly in France. In , Fanny Kemble departed to boarding school in Paris to study art and music as befitted the child of, at the time, the most celebrated artistic family in England.
In addition to literature and society, it was at Mrs. Rowden was an engaging teacher, with a particular enthusiasm for the theatre, she was not only a poet, according to Mary Russell Mitford , "she had a knack of making poetesses of her pupils"In , Kemble wrote her first five-act play, Francis the First. It was met with critical acclaim from multiple quarters.
Her attractive personality at once made her a great favourite, her popularity enabled her father to recoup his losses as a manager, she played all the principal women's roles of the time, notably Shakespeare's Portia and Beatrice, Lady Teazle in Richard Brinsley Sheridan's The School for Scandal.. Kemble disliked the artificiality of stardom in general, but appreciated the salary which she accepted to help her family, in financial trouble. In , Kemble accompanied her father on a theatrical tour of the United States.
While in Boston in , she journeyed to Quincy to witness the revolutionary technology of the first commercial railroad in the United States. The Granite Railway was among many sights. Kemble returned to her acting career as a solo platform performer beginning her first American tour in During her readings she rose to focus her work on the presentation of edited works of Shakespeare, although unlike others she insisted on providing a representation of his entire canon building her repertoire to twenty-five of his plays, she performed in both Britain and the United States, concluding her career as a platform performer in Although they met and lived in Philadelphia , Butler was the grandson of Pierce Butler , a Founding Father , heir to a large fortune in cotton and rice plantations.
By the time the couple's daughters and Frances, were born, Butler had inherited three of his grandfather's plantations on Butler Island , just south of Darien and the hundreds of people who were enslaved on them. The family visited Georgia during the winter of —39, where they lived at the plantations at Butler and St.
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Simons islands, in conditions primitive compared to their house in Philadelphia. Kemble was shocked by the living and working conditions of the slaves and their treatment at the hands of the overseer. She was raised by her widowed mother in Tennessee. One day in September , Eliza was chatting with classmates from Rhea Academy when she spotted Andrew Johnson and his family pull into town with all their belongings, they took a liking to each other.
Pour One Out for Ulysses S. Grant | The New Yorker
Mordecai Lincoln , a distant relative of Abraham Lincoln , presided over the nuptials. At 16, Eliza Johnson married at a younger age than any other First Lady , she had hazel eyes, brown hair and a good figure. She was better educated than Johnson, who by this time had taught himself to read and spell a little. Johnson credited his wife for teaching him to do arithmetic and to write, as he had never attended school.
She tutored him patiently. She read aloud to him; the Johnsons had three sons and two daughters, all born in Greeneville: Martha Johnson. She married David T. Patterson , who after the Civil War served as U. Senator from Tennessee, she served as official White House hostess in place of her mother. The Pattersons maintained a farm outside Greeneville, she died at age Charles Johnson — doctor, pharmacist.
At the outbreak of the Civil War, he remained loyal to the Union. While recruiting Tennessee boys for the Union Army , he became the object of an intense Confederate manhunt, he joined the Middle Tennessee Union Infantry as an assistant surgeon. The Stovers lived on a farm in Tennessee. Following the death of her husband in , she married W. Brown, she died at age Robert Johnson — lawyer and politician , he served for a time in the Tennessee state legislature.
He was private secretary to his father during his tenure as president. He became alcoholic and committed suicide at age Andrew Johnson, Jr. He founded the weekly Greeneville Intelligencer, he died soon thereafter at age She had tried to avoid public appearances. During the American Civil War, Confederate authorities ordered her to evacuate her home in Greeneville. A few months after her husband became president, she joined him in the White House, but she was not able to serve as First Lady due to her poor health from tuberculosis , she remained confined to her bedroom there, leaving the social chores to her daughter Martha Johnson Patterson.
Johnson appeared publicly as First Lady on only two occasions—at a reception for Queen Emma of the Kingdom of Hawaii in and at the president's birthday party in After episodes of tuberculosis, Eliza died on January 15, , at the age of 65 in Greeneville, Tennessee. Grant National Historic Site is a 9. Louis , Missouri within the municipality of Grantwood Village ; the site known as White Haven , commemorates the life, military career, Presidency of Ulysses S. Five historic structures are preserved at the site including the childhood home of Julia Dent Grant , wife of Ulysses S.
White Haven was a plantation worked by slaves at the time Grant was married to his wife in and remained so until the end of the American Civil War. After his marriage to Julia, Grant was stationed in New York. Julia traveled with him to these posts, returning to White Haven in for the birth of their first child, Fred, in ; when Ulysses was sent west in , Julia was not able to go with him, being pregnant with their second child.
She returned to her parents' home after stopping at Ulysses' parents' home in Ohio , where Ulysses Jr. Grant's army pay was insufficient to bring his family out to the West Coast , he tried several business ventures to supplement his income. Suffering from depression and loneliness after being separated for two years, Grant resigned from the army in and returned to White Haven. Grant farmed the White Haven property for his father-in-law, working with the slaves owned by Julia's father.
Two more children were born, born on July 4, , Jesse, in February Due to a financial panic in , along with bad weather that destroyed many farmer's crops, Ulysses worked for a short time in the city of St. Louis in real estate and as an engineer.
In , Ulysses and their four children moved to Galena, Illinois. Ulysses worked with his brothers selling leather goods made in their father's tannery. Many visitors to Ulysses S. Grant National Historic Site are surprised to learn that slaves lived and worked on the nineteenth century farm known as White Haven. According to the National Park Service , during the s slave labor "was used extensively in the farming and maintenance of the acre plantation.
At that time no one suspected that Grant would rise from obscurity to achieve the success he gained during the Civil War. However, his experience working alongside the White Haven slaves may have influenced him in his roles as the Union general who won the war which abolished that "peculiar institution," and as President of the United States ; the interpretation of slavery at White Haven is therefore an important part of the mission of this historic site. Most slaveholders in Missouri owned few slaves.
In the southeastern Bootheel area and along the fertile Missouri River valley known as "little Dixie," large, single-crop plantations predominated, with an intensive use of slave labor. Elsewhere in the state, large farms produced a variety of staples, including hemp , oats and corn. On many of these estates the owner worked alongside his slaves to harvest the greatest economic benefit from the land.
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Slavery was less entrenched in the city of St. Slaves were "hired out" by their masters in return for an agreed upon wage. A portion of the wage was sometimes paid to slaves, allowing a measure of self-determination and in some cases the opportunity to purchase their freedom; each of the farm's early residents owned slaves during their tenure on the Gravois property. When Theodore and Anne Lucas Hunt purchased William Lindsay Long's home in , there existed "several good log cabins" on the property—potential quarters for the five slaves purchased earlier by Hunt; the work of Walace , Lydia and Adie would be an important part of the Hunts' farming venture.
Naming the property " White Haven " after his family home in Maryland , Colonel Dent considered himself a Southern gentleman with slaves to do the manual labor of caring for the plantation. By the s, eighteen slaves worked at White Haven. In , half of the Dent slaves were under the age of ten.
The officer who gained glory as a warrior in the Civil War also had a domestic side.
Henrietta, Sue and Jeff, among others, played with the Dent children. Julia Dent recalled that they fished for minnows, climbed trees for bird nests, gathered strawberries. However, the slave children had chores such as feeding chickens and cows, they mastered their assigned tasks as the white children went off to school. Returning home from boarding school, Julia noted the transition from playmate to servant, she noted that the slave girls had "attained the dignity of white aprons.
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Adult slaves performed many household chores on the Dent plantation. Kitty and Rose served as nurses to Emma, while Mary Robinson became the family cook; the wide variety of foods prepared in her kitchen were praised by Julia: "Such loaves of beautiful snowy cake, such plates full of delicious Maryland biscuit , such exquisite custards and puddings, such omelettes , gumbo soup, fritters.
Julia thought Bob was careless to allow the embers to die out, as this forced him "to walk a mile to some neighbors and bring home a brand of fire from their backlog. Slave labor was used extensively in the farming and maintenance of the acre plantati. Grant Jr. Ulysses Simpson "Buck" Grant Jr. He was the second son of President Ulysses S.